'''Herman Melville''' (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist
, short story writer, and poet
of the American Renaissance (literature)|American Renaissance
period best known for ''Typee
'' (1846), a romantic account of his experiences in Polynesia
n life, and his whaling novel ''Moby-Dick
'' (1851). His work was almost forgotten during his last thirty years. His writing draws on his experience at sea as a common sailor, exploration of literature and philosophy, and engagement in the contradictions of American society in a period of rapid change. He developed a complex, baroque style: the vocabulary is rich and original, a strong sense of rhythm infuses the elaborate sentences, the imagery is often mystical or ironic, and the abundance of allusion extends to Bible|Scripture
, myth, philosophy, literature, and the visual arts.